Although all tea (Camellia Sinensis) originates in the Eastern part of the world, as in so many other aspects of modern life, there exists a complex network of tea exportation, adaption, and dissemination—a widespread and multi-layered diaspora of tea.
If you are wondering what exactly I mean by “diaspora of tea”, think of the geographical dissemination and cross-cultural exchange involving tea that has occurred, particularly over the last few centuries: tea imported to eighteenth century England and then exported to British colonies; the introduction of tea cultivation from China to India during the period that India was part of the British Empire; different regional adaptions of tea (one example might be the classic iced tea of the American South); “Devonshire” tea that is actually grown and packaged in Kenya; the introduction of flavours and scents into pure Eastern teas by people from other cultures—Earl Grey, anyone?
The role of cross-cultural exchange has been hugely influential in shaping tea culture today. In fact, it could be argued that, unless you are talking about pure teas grown and imbibed in the countries of their origin, tea is an entirely diasporic and multi-cultural phenomenon.
The specific instance of cross-cultural tea exchange that caused me to reflect on this phenomenon occurred when I was in Minneapolis. Minneapolis, and Minnesota in general, has a large population of residents with German, Swedish and Norwegian ancestry. During my time there I happened to come across a packet of Söderblandning, a tea blend that is quintessentially Swedish.
Söderblandning, or Söder Te, roughly translates to Blend of South Stockholm and is perhaps the best-known “Swedish” tea. Although the Swedes are not known for their tea drinking, they tend to favour black teas blended with fruits and flowers. Söderblandning follows this trend, consisting of a blend of Ceylon and Chinese black teas with orange rind, some tropical fruits such as mango or papaya, and cornflower and marigold petals. The story of this tea is as follows: it was created accidentally in 1979 by a teashop owner in South Stockholm who dropped some unintended ingredients into his blend and discovered that it tasted rather good. He originally sold it under the name of “Mistake Tea.”
The plot thickens when you learn that the creator of the blend, Vernon Mauris, is originally from Sri Lanka, and that Söderblandning has found a market in one of the countries most associated with traditional tea drinking and tea production; according to Mauris, he exports about 4 tonnes a year to Japan. In another twist to the story of cultural adaptation, it seems to have become popular to drink a hot cup of Söderblandning with a glass of port in Portugal.
So, here we have a “Swedish tea” created in Sweden by someone originally from Sri Lanka, sold in Minneapolis, made from black tea grown in China and Sri Lanka, and exported in large quantities to Japan—a diaspora of tea if there ever was one! And perhaps it is partly this complex multiculturalism that continues to make tea appealing to people from so many different cultures—it has travelled across the world and adapted to new environments just like the people it travelled with. Of course, tea’s multiculturalism also makes it an infinitely interesting topic to explore (and by explore, I mean drink!).
© Online Stores, Inc., and The English Tea Store Blog, 2009-2014. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this article’s author and/or the blog’s owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Online Stores, Inc., and The English Tea Store Blog with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.